Republic of Mozambique
784,090 sq km
African (99%, including Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena and Makua)
Portuguese (official), indigenous languages
Joaquim Alberto Chissano
Two of Southern Africa's longest rivers, the Zambezi and the Limpopo, flow
through the country. Other major rivers are the Save and the Rovuma (which
forms the northern border with Tanzania).
The massive Lake Malawi (also called Lake Nyasa) forms part of the border with Malawi.
As you go westward, the land changes abruptly from a narrow, palm-studded
strip of beach along the coast to a broad belt of savannah and woodland and
then to forested mountains.
Trees include hardwoods, acacia and papaya. Fauna include the rare, endangered black rhinoceros.
Mozambique has great potential for anybody keen on wild animals or hiking (or both), but, tragically, the presence of nearly a million land mines in national parks and mountain areas (and throughout much of the country) means these activities aren't yet available.
The safest bet is diving or snorkeling, and the best places to go down are
the beaches at Wimbi, in the north, or Tofu and Barra or the Bazaruto Archipelago,
which has great reefs.
Bird watching is popular in Mozambique, especially in the southern part of the country. The Maputo Elephant reserve, located on the ocean, is a good spot for bird spotting.