Kingdom of Lesotho
30,355 sq km
Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
Sesotho (Southern Sotho, official), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa
All of Lesotho exceeds 1000 m (3280 ft) above sea level with peaks reaching well over 3000 m (9840 ft).
The tourist slogan, 'kingdom in the sky', is not far wrong, as Lesotho has
the highest lowest point of any country in the world.
To the west, the land descends through foothills to a lowland belt along the border where two-thirds of the population live. Three large rivers, the Orange, the Caledon and the Tugela, rise in the mountains.
For many, Southern Africa's most impressive endowment is its flora, and Lesotho can claim a significant amount of credit for that, with a spectacular diversity of plant life.
One of the most popular and exciting activities for travelers to Lesotho is pony trekking on the tough, sure-footed Basotho ponies. Along the same lines, but without the safety of the cliff-climbing ponies, is hiking with landscapes reminiscent of the Tibetan plateau.